Unit 2. Lesson 1. Magic Box

READING & VOCABULARY

1a. Guess the meanings of the words in the left column, then match two columns.
1. Website is a page that is linked to related pages.
2. Chat room is a site on the Internet where a number of users can communicate.
3. Native speaker is a speaker of a language who has spoken it since early childhood.
4. Education is the knowledge or skill that you get through a learning process.

1b. Read the text and name three things about the Internet you find the most important.
The Internet is very powerful educational tool which is multifunctional, speedy and convenient.

2. Match the words with their definitions.
7-The internet: an international computer network connecting other networks and computers from companies, universities, different organizations, etc.
6-To download: to move information from a larger computer system to a smaller one.
4-E-mail: a way of sending messages and information to other people by means of computers connected to a network.
3-To blog: to write about your activities and opinions on the net (like keeping an online diary) so that other people can read and discuss them.
9-Website: a place connected to the Internet where a company, an organization or an individual puts information.
2-Password: a secret word or a phrase that you need to know to be allowed to use the computer system.
5-Blogger: a person who writes an online diary.
1-To surf: to use the Internet while looking for information.
5-Chat room: an area of the Internet where you can communicate with each other.

3а). Read the statements below. Copy them in your notebooks under the headings:

good bad
It entertains. Children surf the Internet and can’t concentrate on other things.
It helps us see faraway things. Children watch different sites late at night and don’t get enough sleep.
Children can learn more about the world. It’s easier to watch videos than read books, so children read less.
You can meet famous and interesting t people. People don’t talk at home but surf the Internet.
It helps us to be tolerant because we learn how different places and people are.  
The Internet keeps children company so they learn how to be on their own.  

b) Add some more good or bad points.

It helps cooperate creatively. Children become dependent on virtual life too much.
There are huge possibilities to learn anything you would like to. The internet is source of viruses too.

5. Test your knowledge of TV stereotypes. Match the programme type with the text on the right.
1. TV news — The President is visiting London.
2. TV serial — See the next episode of Mobamba Bay on Saturday.
3. Action film — Here is a laser gun for you, Mr Bond.
4. Cartoon — Me, me! Catch me if you can!
5. TV commercial — Our chewing gum makes your teeth white.
6. Sports program — And it’s in the net. A goal. That makes in two-nil.
7. Quiz — Who discovered Australia? You’ve got ten seconds.
8. TV for school — And today we have English. Ready, steady, go!
9. Concert — And the singer is Miss Gloria Jackson, live!
10. Documentary — The polar bear likes playing in the snow.
11. Talk show — Our guest today is the famous writer: Miss Cherry Stone.
12. Drama — I want to die. Oh, why did he have to leave me?

6 Have a quick look at the argument in the following dialogue and say what it is about. Choose a), b) or c).
the argument is about the new. b reality show.

7a) Find the corresponding paraphrase for these words:
7. Sacrifice: when you do or don’t something in the name of love or some higher principle.
1. Attitude: a frame of mind, an opinion, a view.
2. Desperate: trying very hard to achieve or avoid something.
3. Provocative: annoying, offensive, challenging, not ordinary.
4. Criteria: a kind of pattern, a standard to judge something.
8. Perspective: angle, a personal view of a situation.
5. Trash: something unimportant, junk, rubbish.
6. Loyalty: a kind of bond you feel with someone, reliability.

8a) Choose at least three simple words that you use and three compicated (‘big’) ones.

Simple words ‘Big’ words
chit-chat — informal conversation about things that are not very important ambition — a strong desire to achieve something
small talk — polite friendly conversation about unimportant thing perspective — a way of thinking about something
no clue — to not have any-idea about the answer to a question criteria — standards that you use to judge something or make a decision about something
gossip — information that is passed from one person to another one about other people’s behavior and private lives, often including unkind or untrue remarks sacrifice — when you refuse to have something valuable in the name of something more important
flirting — behaving towards someone in a way that shows that you are sexually attracted them, although you do not really want a relationship with them dignity — the ability to keep self-control even in a difficult situation
eating — putting food in your mouth and chewing and swallowing it education — the process of teaching and learning
gang — a group of young people who spend time together orientation — the type of activity or subject that a person seems most interested in
fooling around — wasting time behaving in a silly way or doing things that are important principles — moral rules about what is right and wrong that influences how you behave
stuff — informal things loyalty — be faithful to your friends, principles, country etc.

b) Use at least three simple and three ‘big’ words in your own sentences.
Simple worlds. 1. I like chit-chatting with friends to let my mind rest after lessons. 2. That was the one of the thousand small talks which insensibly for us was eating our life. 3. I wasn’t prepared for the lesson so I had no clue how to solve that task. 4. Exchanging gossips is a regular ritual of my mates.
‘Big’ words. 1. To achieve a goal you should have a strong ambition. 2. The mother sacrificed her life to provide happy future for her daughter. 3. Education can be enjoyable work if both teacher and pupils like it.

GRAMMAR

2a. Fill in the sentences with ‘who’ or ‘which / that’.
1. That’s the shop which / that sells good sports clothes.
2. I’m the runner who came first in the race.
3. He’s the doctor who works in our local hospital.
4. Elen is the girl who lives next door.
5. Red Cross is a charity organization which / that gives aid to countries around the world.
6. Jenny likes Jim, who is the honest guy.

2b. Fill in the sentences with ‘whose’, ‘where’ or ‘when’.
1. I like to visit places where anybody else goes.
2. The island where I go on holiday is beautiful.
3. I spoke to the woman whose daughter I know.
4. Linda is the student whose exam results were fantastic.
5. That was the year when I started playing the guitar.
6. This is the place where your parents met each other for the first time.

3. Copy and add commas to change these defining relative clauses to non-defining relative ones.
1. My friend, who has a red bicycle, wants to sign up for the Tour de France.
2. The city, where more than a million people live, never sleeps.
3. The gorilla, which run away from the zoo, is hiding somewhere in the forest.
4. Bettie’s boss, whose office is in New York, bought Bettie a bouquet of flowers.
5. Cheetas, which are yellow and black spots, can run up to 120 km/h.

4. Combine three given parts to form one non-defining relative clause.
a) The statue, which is made of pure gold, has been stolen;
b) Ottawa, which is capital of Canada, is very cold in wintertime;
c) My uncle’s farm, where we go to every summer, is the best place on Earth;
d) Dan, who is my brother-in-law, has his own successful business;
e) Tina, whose phone you liked so much, is coming to visit us tonight.

5. Match the beginnings with the endings to make correct sentences.
1-b: We met your friend who plays the violin.
2-f: Giraffes are animals which come from Africa.
3-d: Thomas Edison was the scientist who invented the electric light.
4-g: I’ve got some relatives who were born in Turkey.
5-h: Vesuvius is the volcano which destroyed the city of Pompeii.
6-a: The Beatles recorded songs that were popular all over the world.
7- : There is a ferry that goes from Venice to Corfu. 8-e: A microwave is a machine that cooks food quickly.

6. Put letter ‘d’ if the relative clause is defining or letter ‘n’ if it is non-defining.
1. d. 2. n. 3. n. 4. n. 5. d. 6. n. 7. d. 8. n. 9. d. 10. n.

WRITING

1. Write a paragraph about the role of mass media in our life. Consider the items below.

To know what’s happening in the world modern people have different source of news: the radio, TV, newspapers, the Internet etc.
I like surfing some websites which generates news in the Internet. For example, it might be ukr.net. Looking through the list of news gives you possibility to choose the one you will find interesting to open and read more about it. It takes just several minutes.
Another way to hear news is radio, but I prefer to use it for listening to music. I love rock and jazz channels.
Besides we have TV. But, as for me, TV is mainly source of trash today, so I don’t understand people who keep watching it. There are too much advertisements and useless programs which are just kind of wasting your time. My choice is the Internet, which is the best alternative to any other source of information, news, communication, and many other things. Even TV program which I can watch I prefer to find in its Internet version to watch it in the time which would be convenient for me. As far as I mainly ignore TV, it’s clear that I don’t watch the same TV programmes as my parents. I spend my evenings and weekends for some activities. I’m not inspired by the ideas to look like couch potato in front of a TV screen. What do I have to say about newspapers? Actually, when you read the news in the newspaper you can choose the news interesting for you personally and read it in any time. But you should pay for it in spite of that it will become useless trash as soon as you read it. Obviously, TV frees you from necessary to choose and to read. All you need is just hearing effortlessly. But you should have a TV programme guide to switch TV in time.
To sum up, I’m sure both newspapers and TV in their actual form will disappear in the future. But the Internet, which will displace them, rather transform newspapers and TV, which will become virtual the same as the Internet. May be, even computers will disappears in the form as we know it now, but the Internet will not.

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