Unit 4. Lesson 1. The UK Today
READING & VOCABULARY
2a. Choose the correct word.
1. The UK consists of four parts: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
2. When people refer to the country, most of them shorten its name to the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain.
3. The North Sea and the English Channel separate the island from Europe.
4. The climate is influenced by the Gulf Stream.
5. Northern Ireland which occupies the north-eastern part of Ireland lies to the west, across the Irish Sea.
2b. Fill in the gaps with the prepositions by, to, of, off.
1. Great Britain is an island lying by the north-western coastline of Europe.
2. The UK is often referred to as Britain.
3. The UK consists of four parts.
4. Due to the influence of the Gulf Stream.
5. Two islands are separated by the Irish Sea.
6. The UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean.
7. The main rivers of Great Britain are the Thames and the Severn.
2c. Make up sentences with the words and word-combinations.
1) Thanks to the Gulf Stream the UK weather is warm.
2) Jaguar cars are produced by British company.
3) The UK borders France through the English Channel.
4) All British lands are surrounded by water.
5) London is situated in the southern part of the UK.
6) The official name of the. UK is the United Kingdom.
7) The UK coast is washed by The Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel, the Celtic Sea, and the Irish Sea.
8) The UK flag consists of three colours: white, red, and dark-blue.
4. Say if the statements below are true or false.
a — F: The UK consists of four parts: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland;
b — T;
c — F: The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are closely linked with the UK but are not part of it;
d — T;
e — T;
f — T;
g — F: Most people live in towns and cities but much of Britain is still countryside.
6. Do the quiz about the biggest part of the UK — England.
1-c: four parts; 2-b: London; 3-a: St George; 4-d: Mark Twain; 5-d: Ewan McGregor.
5a. Match the parts of the sentences.
6. There are almost 800 islands in Scotland.
4. Scotland is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.
1. Scotland is a country in the North of the United Kingdom.
2. The national flag (blue with white cross) is known as St Andrew cross.
5. There are about 3 000 smaller and bigger lakes in Scotland called lochs.
3. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and its second largest city.
8. Scotland occupies a third of Great Britain.
7. Tartan is woolen material with crossed stripes of different colours. The particular pattern is the symbol of a clan or a family.
1. Match each tense form with the situation(s) of its use.
1. Past Simple is used for completed actions, events and situations in the past.
2. Past Continuous is used
• for past activity beginning before a past event and continuing until or after it. For the event we use 'when’ + the past simple.
• for an unfinished activity around a time in the past.
3. Past Perfect is used to talk about something that happened before a past event. In sentences that have 'when' + past simple, to show that one event happened before the other.
2. Put the verbs in brackets using Past Simple or Past Continuous form to complete the sentences.
1. They were waiting for her when she finally arrived.
2. I saw Carol at the party. She was wearing a beautiful dress.
3. When she had got a steady job they bought a better house.
4. I was reading an Economist, while my sister was watching BBC 1.
5. He burnt his hand when he was cooking.
6. When I arrived, the lecture had already started and the professor was writing on the overhead projector.
7. I was writing a letter when the lights went out.
8. I shared a flat with him when we were students. He always complained about my untidiness.
9. He suddenly realized that he was travelling in the wrong direction.
10. You looked very busy when I saw you last night. What were you doing?
3. Choose Past Simple or Past Perfect form to complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets.
1. I wanted to see you yesterday.
2. He told me that he had seen me the day before yesterday.
3. There was a strong wind last week.
4. Pete found the toy which he had lost.
5. When I had run a mile, I was very tired.
6. The tourist spoke about places he had visited.
7. When Mike was a child he studied music.
8. After he (had) checked up his students' papers he went to bed.
9. They had completed all the preparations for the trip by 5 o’clock.
10. On leaving the hospital the man thanked the doctor who had cured him of his disease.
11. In the morning all the passengers felt good after the night they had spent in the comfortable sleeper.
12. Last night he completed the experiment which he had begun some months before.
13. They were friends for some ten years before Mike met them.
14. He found the girl even more beautiful than he had expected her to be.
15. Sam forgot that the Stones had asked him to dinner a week before.
4. Match each way of expressing future on the left with the situation(s) of its use on the right.
1. Going to is used for:
• a plan, an intention or decision;
• a prediction.
2. Future Simple is used for
• the speaker’s spontaneous reaction at the time of speaking (e.g. offering help);
• a promise.
3. Present Continuous is used for a definite plan or arrangement for the
near future (with words like tomorrow, on Saturday etc.).
5. Which question form sounds better?
a. Will you write to me soon?
b. Will you return my book to the library?
c. Will you help me with the dishes?
d. Will you open the window for me?
6. Make at least five questions using these prompts.
Are you going to visit you aunt in hospital? Are you going to ask her about her cousin? Are you going to buy that new computer game? Are you going to do your homework after school? Are you going to phone your friend? Are you going to call a taxi? Are you going to do it by yourself? Are you going to wear that new cardigan?
7. Complete the sentences.
a. ...Will you come?
b. Can you come to my place tonight or are you are singing in the choir?
c. Are you playing for our club on Saturday?
d. Is your sister going to take the dog for a walk after school?
3a) In pairs, do the quiz.
1-b: Wales is a part of Great Britain and it is in the south.
2-b: The capital of Wales is Cardiff.
3-b: The patron saint of Wales is St David.
4-b: The rose isn’t symbol of Wales.
5-b: Sean Connery isn’t Welsh.
6a. Read and number the sentences of B in the correct order to make up a dialogue between A and B.
1-c: Hi, Nataly, haven’t seen you for a long time! What have you been doing? — I’ve been working on my report about Wales and spent much time in the library.
2-a: Wales? What can be interesting about it? No big cities, no beautiful scenery, no interesting facts. — Ann, you are wrong here. The book I’m reading says «When visitors cross the borders from England to Wales, they soon understand that they are entering a country with its own geography, culture, traditions and language.
3-b: What do you mean? Don’t the Walsh speak English? — They do. But the Welsh language is spoken widely here, too.
4-d: Is Welsh different from English? — Very much so. Welsh is one of the Celtic languages, like Scottish and Irish are Gaelic.
5-f: Interesting. And what about the cities? I heard that there are few cities there, rather small ones. — Let’s not argue. I know at least one big city in Wales. It’s Cardiff, the capital and the main port.
6-e: (Looking through the book): You are right. It says, «Cardiff is an industrial city which also has a castle, a cathedral, a university» Ok. But what about the scenery? — The west coast, mid Wales and North Wales are wild and beautiful. Wales has high mountains, including Snowdon, the second highest mountain in Britain.
7-h: I’ve always thought that Wales is a kind of green fields, forests, and farms. — And you’ve been right. But it is also a land of mountains and valleys, streams and waterfalls. In North Wales you can follow mountain path for miles and miles.
8-g: Tell me a few words about Mount Snowdon. — Got interested? Ok. Here are my notes. I made them during the lecture by Mr Roger Davis, a visiting professor from Wales. If you’re really interested you can look through my notes. And now I’m sorry, Ann, I’ve got to run. See you!