Unit 4. Lesson 2. Cities of the UK

1 Circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false.
1 London is unlike any other city in the world. T
2 The city has been planned thoroughly. F
3 The historical centre of London is called the City of Westminster. F
4 River Thames runs into the Baltic Sea. F
5 St Paul's Cathedral is the oldest part of London. F
6 The king lived in Westminster Palace. T
7 The coronation has always taken place in Westminster Palace. F
8 The British Museum contains one of the richest collections of antiquities in the world. T
9 Madam Tussaud's Museum contains human and animal mummies. F
10 One can meet life-size wax models of the Beatles, the Royal Family, Marilyn Monroe or other famous people in Madam Tussaud's Museum T

2 Complete the text with the information from the box.
London has a population of 7,5 million. But what kind of city is it to live in? Well, it's a huge city, full of fun and history, and famous for its diversity and culture. London was the world's most visited city in 2006 with over 15 million tourists and it's an exciting mix of creativity, history and fun.

As for its beginnings, originally, an ancient tribe called the Celts built a settlement here on the river. The Romans made it the capital, after invading in 43 AD, and called it Londinium. By the 3rd century the population was about 30,000.

After the Romans left, in 410 AD, the Vikings, Angles and Saxons moved in, followed by the Norman invasion of 1066. They then began to build hundreds of cathedrals and castles, including the Tower of London.

In 1300, a plague killed at least one third of the inhabitants. It struck again in 1600 and this time over 100 000 people died. Catastrophe hit again in 1666, when the Great Fire of London burnt down most of the old, medieval buildings. So the city was then re-designed and Shakespear's playhouse was built. By 1700 it was Europe's largest city, with over 600,000 people living, working and trading in it.

London grew very rich in Queen Victoria's reign, from 1837, through trade in tea, coffee and sugar, and then because of the Industrial Revolution. By her death in 1901 the population had risen to 6.6 million.

In the World War 2 London was badly bombed and afterwards some unattractive buildings were put up. But gradually London became prosperous again, architecture and modern design flourished and it grew into the lively, multicultural centre it is today.

There are so many great places to visit. Just walk along the river Thames from Tower Bridge and visit the Tate Modern gallery, the Globe Theatre, site of St. Paul's Cathedral, stop off at the London Eye and walk over to Westminster Palace. Or, take a cruise to Greenwich and the Observatory, or down to Hampton Court Palace, visiting Kew Gardens on the way.

There's so much more to do too. The British and Kensington Museums, the markets, and Covent Garden, home of the Opera House, are all a must, as well as the West End for shows and shopping!

3 Watch London's places of interest with their descriptions.
1 Trafalgar Square
Famous square of London for its pigeons and for its New Year Eve celebrations.
2 Buckingham Place
London residency for the Queen, must see for the daily changing guards.
3 Westminster Bridge
London's iconic landmark that you cannot go without seeing.
4 Madam Tussaud's Museum
If you want to hang out with the stars of the celebrity world why not doing it right here in London.
5 The British Museum
One of the great museums with world-famous collections of antiquities.
6 Bottersea Park
You probably never knew that an inner city park could have this much variety, hidden secrets, and simple enjoyment. It is situated in London, just a couple of miles south of Marble Arch. It is considered by many to be the most interesting of all the London Parks.
7 Big Ben
The exterior of the Palace of Westminster — especially the ClockTower — is recognized worldwide, and is one of the most visited tourist attractions in London.
8 Tate Modern
It displays the collection of international modern and contemporary art from 1900 to the present day. It is more than just an art gallery. The amazing space of the Turbine Hall — has housed a succession of installations which have caught the imagination of the public.
9 London Zoo
It is the world's oldest scientific zoo.

4a) Look at the photos and write down the titles.
1 The "Gherkin"
2 Edinburgh Castle
3 St. Paul's Cathedral
4 London Eye
5 The Tower of London
6 big Ben

4b) Read, guess and put the appropriate number from (a).
[1] This building is a skyscraper in the business centre of London. It opened in 2004 and is an iconic office block in the city. Londoners gave it the nickname because of its shape.
[6] It is a nickname for the great bell of the clock at the Houses of Parliament in London. Many people call the clock with this nickname as well. The clock is over 150 years old and is a popular tourist attraction. The clock tower is named 'Elizabeth Tower' in honour of Queen Elizabeth ll's Diamond Jubilee in 2012.
[2] This place is the dominant feature of the skyline in
Edinburgh, Scotland. It has a long history, dating back to the early Middle Ages. It is looked after by Historic Scotland, a Scottish government agency.
[5] In 1066, William Duke of Normandy in France won a great battle and took over England. He started to build this building to control the local people. The White Tower was completed in 1100.
[3] In 1666 the Great Fire of London destroyed a lot of the city, including this building. King Charles II ordered a new cathedral which was built by Christopher Wren. At this time the British Empire began to grow in America and India.
[4] It is situated on the southern bank of the RiverThames and is a Ferris wheel that is 135 metres tall. It was originally built as part of the UK's celebration of the new millennium and continues to be an important part of New Year celebrations.

5 Use the words from the box to complete the text.
Visit London and see the attractions of the capital city and the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom from the top deck of an open top red bus with City Sightseeing and The Original Tour. London is packed with plenty of things to do so let us guide you through the city
to visit the prime locations and top sights including historical museums, striking, parks, and modern galleries. We invite you to experience all the magical sights and sounds of London in a comfortable and secure environment.

The beauty of the London sightseeing bus tour is that you can use your ticket on three premium routes allowing you to interchange between them to hop off at over 60 points of interest in the city. Take advantage of our 48 hour valid ticket between the 1 st of November and the 29th of February and plan your expedition using our downloadable map to visit more attractions and make each day a completely different tour experience, exploring this unique city at your own pace.The sightseeing itinerary possibilities are endless and completely exciting to each individual.

Let our bus tour guide you through the things to do in London. Visit London and take our sightseeing bus tour, you will quickly discover that there is certainly no shortage of things to do in London.

6 Study the map of Central London and name the places where you would like to go on different situations.
• to hear a symphony
London Symphony Orchestra; Hyde Park;
• to see the exhibition of paintings
Victoria and Albert Museum, National Gallery, Tate Gallery;
• to see a play
London Theatre, Queen's Theatre;
• to stay in London for a couple of days
The Kensington Hotel, Double Tree Hotel, Strand Palace Hotel, Grays Inn.
• to learn more about the medieval history of England
Wallace Collection;
• to see royal places
Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul's Cathedral, House of Parliament;
• to enjoy beautiful natural landscapes
Hyde Park, Green Park, St. Jame's Park;
• to go shopping
Pall Mall, Oxford Street;
• to look at London from bird's eye
London Eye;
• to learn more about the queen Victoria epoch
Victoria & Albert Museum;
• to go to London's suburbs
You can go to London's suburbs by metro train. London underground includes 11 lines. Some of the stations are on the map.

9 Complete the text.

BIRMINGHAM

Birmingham is situated in the centre of the upland area in the valleys of three small rivers.

These rivers flow into the Trent, a big navigable river.

Birmingham is considered a country, borough of Warwickshire and a market center of the Black County. Birmingham is younger than the major part of British cities. People do not know the exact date of birth of their town but it is known for sure that it did not exist before Anglo-Saxon times.

In the 13th century the Midland coal fields influenced its development and growth. In the 19th century the Black County was called Birmingham, it was all due to the intensive activity of the heavy industry.

Birmingham is an industrial city. The cultural life is centred there. There are departments of science, arts, medicine, commerce and law at the University of Birmingham . And of course it is an important research centre.

There are many modern factories, but its industrial pattern is mostly based on small firms. Birmingham  produces brassware, silverware motor vehicles electrical equipment, machine tools, metal goods, jewellery, small arms and plastics.

Guests of Birmingham should visit Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, which are very famous in the city. They include a good collection of work by the Pre- Raphaelite Brotherhood. Among popular places of interest in Birmingham are the Barber Institute of Fine Arts, St. Martin Cathedral, the concert hall, Victoria Square and others.

10 Choose the correct answer (a, b or c).

GLASGOW

1 Glasgow is the largest city of a) Scotland.
2 Almost b) 1 million of people live there.
3 It is situated 50 miles from b) Edinburgh
4 The city stands on the river a) Clyde
5 The university made Glasgow an important c) educational centre
6 The city's heavy industry was destroyed a) under depression in the 1930s and many people lost their jobs.
7 Glasgow and its closest industrial towns stand on the Lancashire b) coal field
8 In the 18th century Glasgow was already a a) great port and manufacturing centre.
9 There are many c) interesting museums and art galleries.
10 Glasgow Cathedral is wonderful b) example of Gothic architecture.
11 The immigrants of previous centuries from a) Ireland and Highland have added their charm and wit to the city.

11a) Look at the sights and match them with the appropriate capital cities of the UK
1 Belfast castle — BELFAST
2 Cardiff Castle Keep — CARDIFF
3 Tower of London — LONDON
4 Edinburgh Castle — EDINBURGH.

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