UNIT 4. WHY NOT TAKE A CLOSER LOOK?

Ex. 1. Choose the correct answer ('a'/b'/c' or 'd') to complete the conversation.
1 is
2 aren't
3 does
4 Do
5 don't
6 are
7 doesn't
8 isn't

Ex. 2. Complete the postcard with the missing words. (Use one word in each space.)
1 having
2 is
3 do
4 sitting
5 don't
6 doesn't
7 go
8 being
9 get
10 gets
11 means
12 always
13 costing

Ex. 3. Complete the table with the missing words.

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle
be was been
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burnt burnt
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drown
dream dreamt dreamt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
learn learnt learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit lit
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written

Ex. 4. Complete the newspaper story with the past simple forms of the verbs in brackets.
1 died
2 were
3 started
4 saw
5 called
6 tried
7 was
8 arrived
9 fought
10 brought
11 entered
12 found

Ex. 5. Complete the conversation using the words in brackets and putting them in the past simple negatives and questions.
1 Did you have
2 We didn't try
3 did you see
4 I didn't know
5 did you go
6 I didn't like
7 did Sarah enjoy
8 I didn't want

Ex. 6. David is always having accidents. His girlfriend Melanie is talking about some of the accidents. Write her sentences from these notes. Each sentence has one verb in the past continuous and one in the past simple.
1 When he was carrying a suitcase, he dropped it on his foot.
2 He broke his leg when he was skiing.
3 He sat down on a chair while I was painting it.
4 As he was running for a bus, he collided with a lamppost.
5 His hair caught fire when he was cooking chips.
6 When he was holding a beautiful vase, he suddenly dropped it.
7 He was sitting in the gar- den when a wasp stung him on the nose.

Ex. 7. Use the words in brackets using the correct forms of the verbs.
1 went
2 I was watching
3 We lost
4 it came
5 was coming
6 went
7 fell
8 were playing
9 I was working
10 I lost
11 I got
12 did

Ex. 8. Write each second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one. Use the word in brackets.
1 Vicky was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang.
2 When Andrew saw the question, he knew the answer immediately.
3 The train was waiting when we arrived at the station.
4 I was reading a library book when I found a J10 note in it.
5 Sarah had an electric shock when she touched the wire.
6 When the doors opened, the crowd rushed in.
7 When the campers woke, they saw that the sun was shining.

Ex. 9. Match the parts of the sentence putting each verb in brackets into the correct form.
1 The spacecraft had lights on it.
2 I was wearing my old coat.
3 We were (both) on holiday.
4 I didn't make a mistake.
5 The boys were playing (a game of) cards.
6 I didn't know about the change of plan.
7 My friend won the competition.
8 Did the Romans build this wall?

Ex. 10. Complete these sentences, putting the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or past simple.
1 Have you ever flown
2 Have you already forgotten
3 gave
4 's gone
5 Did your mouth hurt
6 kept
7 ‘ve known
8 've learnt/learned
9 've already lent
10 let
11 've already made
12 Have you paid
13 put
14 's read
15 ran

Ex. 11. Complete these sentences with the verbs in brackets putting them in the present perfect or past simple.
1 've already seen
2 've just sold
3 sent
4 shut
5 sang
6 slept
7 Have you spoken
8 've already spent
9 stood
10 Haven't you taken
11 has just told
12 threw
13 understood
14 wore
15 've already written

Ex. 12. A. Read about each situation and then underline the right answer.
1 b; 2b; 3a; 4b

B. Add a sentence with the past perfect using the notes.

1 She'd just been on holiday
2 The train had just gone.
3 The rain had stopped.
4 I'd/ I had forgotten my ticket.
5 They'd/They had stolen it a week before.
6 I hadn't seen her for ages.
7 l'd/I had just cleaned it.
8 l'd/I had already eaten my sandwiches.

Ex. 13. Put the verbs in brackets in the present perfect or past perfect form.
3 had left
4 've/have finished
5 ‘ve/have eaten
6 'd/had ordered
7 've/have made
8 had told
9 'd had/had had
10 's/has started
11 've/have turned
12 'd/had made

Ex. 14. Look at these sentences and choose the right answer.
1 a; 2a; 3a; 4b; 5a

Ex. 15. Daniel is telling the story of how he forgot his passport. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1 happened
2 had decided
3 We were waiting
4 I realized
5 l’d/I had forgotten
6 It was
7 I hurried
8 rang
9 They were working
10 heard
11 They found
12 drove
13 I met
14 We had
15 l'd/I had said
16 I ran
17 I got
18 were sitting
19 they saw
20 started

Ex. 16. Make up sentences using the present continuous and the words below.
1 I'm seeing them on Saturday.
2 They're coming here in three weeks.
3 I'm meeting John at three o'clock.
4 What are you doing on Friday night?
5 I’m going to the disco on Saturday evening.
6 We're going back to the States in/for three years.
7 They are going on holiday in two days’ time.
8 I'm not coming home on Friday.
9 Are you working late tomorrow night?
10 We are not going to school next week.
11 He's coming to see you tomorrow.
12 Mr and Mrs Green are going away in/for three weeks.
13 We're having a party on Saturday.
14 I'm seeing her again next week.
15 Are you playing football this week?

Ex. 17. Write the correct form of 'going to' to complete the sentences.
1 are you going to
2 They aren't going to
3 are you going to
4 I'm not going to
5 Are we going to
6 She's going to
7 Is the machine going to
8 Are your parents going to
9 They're going to
10 I'm not going to

Ex. 18. Write the sentences using 'going to' or the present continuous. If two variants are possible, write them both.
1 We're going to stay/We're staying at home tonight.
2 It's going to rain tomorrow.
3 We are going to eat/ We're eating at a restaurant tonight.
4 They're going to drive/ They're driving to Manchester tomorrow morning.
5 I'm going to brush my teeth, have a wash, and go to bed.
6 You're going to break it!
7 My parents are staying/ going to stay with us for the weekend.
8 Who's going to tell him the news?
9 We are going to miss the train!
10 How many people are arriving/going to arrive today?
11 They're going to see/ They're seeing Nick at 10 o'clock tomorrow.
12 I'm going to the seaside next weekend.
13 Who's coming to John's party later?
14 Bring your hat and gloves — it's going to get cold later tonight.
15 Mary’s going to fly/ Mary's flying to Barbados next Tuesday.
16 Our friends are going to meet/Our friends are meeting us before the concert.
17 We're moving/We're going to move into our new house next month.

Ex. 19. Put the verbs in the future simple to complete the sentences.
1 he won't be late.
2 Shall I open the window
3 How long will the journey take?
4 she'll be in London
5 John will phone your office
6 Will there be a lot of people
7 What time will the race start?
8 He'll never agree
9 You'll never see your money
10 Shall I phone the doctor?
11 I II pay for the damage
12 Will you be at home
13 The company won't give you
14 You’ll hurt yourself!
15 There won't be any newspapers

Ex. 20. Write the correct form of 'going to' or 'will' to complete the dialogue.
1 'm going to see
2 'm going to get
3 'II get
4 're all going to meet
5 'II meet
6 'II be
7 'II pay
8 Are you going to eat
9 shall we go
10 'II phone
11 'II book
12 'II see

Ex. 21. Read the instruction and write the sentence in the appropriate form to express future.
1 l'm/I am going to have a rest.
2 (The) term starts on 6 September.
3 There will be a world war in five years’ time.
4 Judy and I are/We're playing tennis tomorrow.
5 Prices will probably fall. (also, possible: Prices are probably going to fall).
6 The car is/We're going to crash!

Ex. 22. Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.
1 English is not spoken in this shop.
2 Dennis was asked a question by Kevin.
3 The house was built last year.
4 He is given a box.
5 He will be looked after by Max.
6 A big steak was brought to Fred.
7 Our bungalow was bro- ken into last Friday.
8 We were told a joke by the teacher.
9 Doris will be met at the station.
10 I have not been sent the file.

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