Unit 1. My Family and Friends
1. Listen and repeat the words in the box. Match them to the pictures (1–17).
1 — a family tree;
3, 17 — a grandpa/granddad;
2, 16 — a grandma/granny;
2, 3, 16, 17 — grandparents;
4, 14 — a mother/mum/a wife;
8, 15 — a father/dad/a husband;
4, 7, 5, 11 — a sister, a daughter;
6, 9, 10, 8, 15 — a brother, a son;
4, 7, 14 — an aunt;
8, 15 — an uncle;
4, 8, 14, 15 — parents;
5, 6, 9, 10, 11; 9, 10, 11, 13 — cousins.
2. Work in pairs. Look at the picture to Ex. 1 and complete the sentences. Then talk about other family members.
1. Ann is Mr and Mrs Smith’s daughter.
2. Mr Smith is Mrs Smith’s husband.
3. Mrs Smith is Mr Smith’s wife.
4. Mr and Mrs Smith are Ann and Dan’s parents.
5. Mr and Mrs Brown are Ann and Dan’s grandparents.
4. Read and tick C (Craig) or A (Ann).
1. Ann; 2. Craig; 3. Ann; 4. Ann; 5. Craig.
1. Listen and match the dialogues (1–4) to the pictures (A–D).
A — 1, B — 2, C — 4, D — 3.
3. Read the paragraphs (A–C) and order them to make a text. Why do you think the Taylors are a happy family?
1. B (an introduction);
2. C (a main body);
3. A (a conclusion)
The Taylors are a happy family because they are lovely, friendly and helpful. They take care of each other and spend much time together. Also, they keep their family traditions.
4. Read and complete the sentences.
1. Peter and Tony are elder than Jim.
2. Beth is as tall as Jim.
3. Beth is the most helpful child in the family.
4. Jim and Tony never boast about their sports results.
5. The Taylors are a lovely and friendly family.
5. Look through the text of Ex. 3. Find the comparative and superlative forms of the adjectives in the box given below. Make your own sentences with them.
Old — older/elder — the oldest/the eldest;
tall — taller — the tallest;
young — younger — the youngest;
helpful — more helpful — the most helpful;
noisy — noisier — the noisiest;
intelligent — more intelligent — the most intelligent.
6. Read the statements. Do you agree with Ann or Dan?
A: I agree with the statement that parents are more important than friends because you can do nothing without them. If you have some problems, only parents will help you to solve them. You can always count on them.
1. Listen and complete Lily’s email to her penfriend in Ukraine. Use the words in the box given below. There is one word that you don’t need.
My name is Lily. I was born in Ireland. My dad is Irish and my mum is English, but we are all British.
I have got a sister who is only twenty minutes older than me. Her name is Mary and we are twins. We are very close. I think we could understand each other before we were born.
Mary and I have got the same friends and hobbies. I can’t say that a twin sister is always an ideal best friend. We often have different ideas and opinions.
2. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions about the text of Ex. 1.
1. Lily’s sister name is Mary.
2. Lily’s dad is Irish and her mum is English.
3. Lily and her sister are very close.
4. Lily says that her sister is not always an ideal best friend.
1 (b). Match the words from Ex. 1a, page 10 to their definitions (1–6).
1. cheerful; 2. lively; 3. honest; 4. clever; 5. hard-working; 6. attentive.
3. a) Read and match the texts (1–4) to the pictures (A–D) given below.
A — 2, B — 1, C — 3,D — 4.
To tell the truth, I would like to have Kate as a friend because she likes a good joke. Moreover, she is smart and full of ideas.
4. Work in groups. Discuss the questions.
1. I think that the best traits of character a person can have are honesty and readiness to help in difficult situations.
2. I think that negative traits of character a person are greediness, laziness and selfishness. I suppose that to be impolite, bossy, dishonest and rude is not good.
3. Yeas, it is difficult to find a good friend. It’s not an easy matter to find a good friend.
4. I choose friends accordingly their character traits.
5. No, it is simply to be a good friend to the others.
5. Say what people you would like to go camping with, to travel with, to be in the same team with, to work or to study with. Explain your answers.
I would like to go camping with cheerful and reliable people.
My best friend is a nice tennis player. It’s great fun to play active games together.
You can have a wonderful time with friendly and helpful people.
I would like to travel with lively and cheerful people because it won’t be boring.
I would like to be in the same team with hard-working people because everyone should make efforts to succeed. It will be easier to do this in the same team with hard-working individuals.
I would like to study with clever people. They are full of ideas and know a lot of things.
6. Act out the situation.
A: Hi, Ann!
B: Hello, Max!
A: I haven’t seen you for ages! How are you?
B: I’m fine, thank you. And you?
A; I’m fine, too. Have you got a lot of friends?
B: To tell the truth, I have got lots of friends but my best one is Oxana.
A: Great! What is your friend like?
B: She is clever, lively and attentive. She likes a good joke. What about your friends, Max?
A: Oh, I have got two best friends. Taras and Tim. They are my neighbours.
B: What are they good at?
A: They are good at sports, especially swimming.
B: I see... What are they like?
A: They are helpful, hard-working and clever at the same time. It is so fantastic to have best friends!
B: I agree with you.
7. Write about one of your school friends. Use Ex. 3, page 11 as an example.
Who is a friend?
Firstly, this person laughs and cries with you, understands and guides you. Secondly, it is a girl or a boy who shares the same hobbies with you. As for me, I have got a friend. His/her name is Oleh/Oxana. He/she is 10 years old. He/she is clever, kind, helpful and lively. His/her hobby is collecting coins. We often play in the fresh air, ride bikes or watch TV together.
1. Work in pairs. What do you think is important for a good quality life? Read and add more things to the list.
Speaking about a good quality life I can’t but say about things that must be involved to the list: sharing things with classmates, visiting new places, a healthy way of life, spending more time in the fresh air.
3. Listen and read. Say what things are important for Kim.
Meeting friends, studying, going swimming, attending Drama Club, spending time with her family are important for Kim.
4. Read and complete the sentences. Use the words: to attend, to go camping, to take swimming lessons, to meet, seaside, music, wonderful, exciting.
1. exciting; 2. go camping; 3. take swimming lessons, attend; 4. music; 5. to meet; 6. wonderful, seaside.
Learning Strategies: An Interview
1. What’s your name?
2. Where are you from?
3. How old are you?
4. What are you like?
5. What are you keen on?
6. What are you interested in?
7. Have you got any brothers or sisters?
8. How many members are there in your family?
9. Who is the eldest/ the youngest person in your family?
10. Do you have a true friend?
11. What traits of character a person must have to be a true friend?
6. Look at the pictures and write what the children like doing / like to do in their free time.
The children like to go to the puppet theatre. The girl likes to draw pictures. The children like to study. The boys like to play football. The children go to the zoo after school.
4. Read and choose the correct item to answer the questions.
1. c) a manager;
2. c) She is a shop assistant;
3. c) The whole family;
4. b) cooking;
5. a) always.
5. Look through the text of Ex. 3. Which sentences are happening now (N) and which happen usually (U)?
1.U; 2.U; 3.N; 4.N; 5.U.
6. a). Look at the picture and say what the people are doing now
There are four members in this family. Everyone is busy. The woman is cooking. The man is reading a newspaper. The children are playing.
7. Read and complete the text with the words from the box. Use the Present Simple or the Present Continuous Tense.
Kim helps her parents every day. Monday to Friday, when she comes back home from school, she cleans her room and dusts the furniture.
On Saturdays, she does the shopping. On Sunday, she helps her grandparents to work in the garden. She says, “I like to spend time on doing things about the house. That makes my family happier.
I have got many friends at school. Today we are doing a school project about the weather, so I’m very busy. Today it is raining, so all the people are taking their umbrellas with them. They are also wearing raincoats”.
4 b) Speak in class. Act out the situation.
My father is a dentist. I went to the clinic where he works yesterday. A little girl came to him. She was crying because she had a toothache. My father helped her. She was very glad. And her mother was glad too.
5. Write down questions and short answers to the following sentences.
1. Did you take your pet to school yesterday? — Yes, I did.
2. Did you put all your textbooks into your bag yesterday? — No, I didn’t.
3. Did you become good friends last summer? — Yes, we did.
4. Did you play football in the park yesterday? — Yes, I did.
5. Did you want to buy coke yesterday? — No, I didn’t.
2. Look, read and say where these people live and what they do there.
As I have understood, this boy has got two grandfathers and they are different. The first grandfather, who lives in the city, is a businessman and the second one, who lives in the country, is a farmer.
3. Read and complete the sentences.
1. Dan’s city grandfather is a businessman.
2. Dan’s country grandfather is a farmer.
3. When Dan visits his city grandfather he works on the computer and sticks stamps on business letters.
4. When Dan visits his country grandfather he pets the cows and rides on the tractor.
5. At the end of every visit, both Dan’s city grandfather and country grandfather give him big hugs and say, “See you real soon”.
4. Listen and tick the objects Steve mentions in his story.
3; 4; 1; 2.
5. Speak in class. Talk about your grandparents.
I have got grandparents. We live in the same city. They both work. My grandfather is an engineer. My grandmother is a teacher. They are kind and helpful. I love them very much, so I usually visit them on Saturdays or Sundays. I like to play chess with my Grandpa. He is a brilliant chess-player, so he often wins. Sometimes I help my Grandma in the kitchen. We enjoy spending time together.
1. Read and complete the sentences with the verbs from the box in the Present Simple or the Present Continuous Tense.
1. know; 2. has; 3. are; 4. is reading; 5. helps; 6. are wearing.
2. Use the Present Simple, the Present Continuous or the Past Simple Tense of the verbs given in brackets.
1. Where do you usually go for your summer holidays?
2. Andrew and Polly often visit us on Sundays.
3. Are they writing their homework now?
4. What did he do last night?
5. Mike is working in the library now.
6. Did she listen to the radio yesterday?
3 a) Write ten questions to interview your friends for an article in the school newspaper. Then interview your friends.
1. How many members are there in your family?
2. Who is the oldest in your family?
3. Who is the youngest in your family?
4. How old is your sister?
5. What does your father do?
6. What does your mother do?
7. Who is the most helpful in your family?
8. Do your grandparents work?
9. Do you like to spend time together?
10. Do the members of your family keep any tradition?
b) Write a short story about your friend. Say what you like / don’t like about his / her life.
My friend’s name is Ihor. He is ten. He is from Kharkiv. My friend is friendly and honest. He has got a big family. Ihor is keen on playing the guitar but he is bad at playing football. We have got a lot of common hobbies: playing games in the fresh air, horse-riding and swimming. To sum up, we like spending time together.
4. Read and complete the dialogue. Then act it out.
Ann: Last month I heard that there was life on the planet Mars. What do you think about that?
You: I don’t think it’s true.
Ann: I like the stories about discoveries. What kind of stories do you like best?
You: I like to read about adventures.
Ann: Oh, do you? I’d like to know more about famous people! Do you like those stories?
You: Yes, I do. What do you want to be when you are a grown-up?
Ann: I think I’d like to be a manager. What kind of job do you want to do? You: I think I will be a doctor.
Ann: Oh! I have to go now. It was nice talking to you. Bye!
5. Write the words in the correct order to make sentences.
1. I usually stay at home on Sundays.
2. My sister likes tidying her room.
3. Is the kitchen next to the living-room?
4. I like playing table tennis at the weekend.
5. My father works in the garden on Sundays.
6. The personal computer is on the desk.
7. The curtains are above the desk.
8. Mr. Brown always gets up early.
3. Agree or disagree.
1 — true, 2 — false, 3 — true, 4 — true.
4. Work in pairs. Discuss the questions.
1. Lily thinks it’s not good to be a big sister.
2. Mary was caring and helpful.
3. She wasn’t tired but she wanted to be a big sister because she wanted to go to bed later than Mary.
5. Speak in class. Tell your friends about your brother or sister. Do you take care of him / her? Is it good to be a little / big child in the family?
I have got a younger brother. He is kind and funny. He is little but he is very helpful. We are good friends, but I think it’s better to be a big brother in the family because I can watch TV, play computer games and go to bed later than he.
6. Read Ex. 3 again. Find the verbs in the Past Simple Tense and write them down in the Present Simple Tense. Make three sentences with them.
Say, drop, jump, do, start, come up, help, stop, fall.
Mary came up to her sister and helped her.
Lily dropped the pieces all over.
She fell down and started to cry.