Unit 6. Around Great Britain and Ukraine
Ex. 2 p. 123
Mary is from London. London is the capital of Great Britain.
Mark is from Belfast. Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland.
Julia is from Edinburgh. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland.
John is from Cardiff. Cardiff is the capital of Wales.
Ex. 4 p. 124
1. The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
2. Great Britain consists of four parts — England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
3. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburg, Belfast.
4. About 56 million people live in the UK.
5. The official language of the country is English.
Ex. 5 p. 124
1. in Europe. 2. 56 million. 3. England, Scotland. Wales and Northern Ireland. 4. London. 5. Cardiff. 6. Edinburg. 7. Belfast.
Ex. 6 p. 124
1. e); 2. d); 3. f); 4. b); 5. c); 6. a).
Ex. 7 p. 124
My friend’s name is Mary. She has travelled around the UK recently. She’s been to London. She’s visited Cardiff. She also was in Edinburgh. She met new friends. She enjoyed nature. She also ate traditional British food. She visited museums and art galleries. She also took a lot of photos and bought a lot of souvenirs.
Ex. 8 p. 125
1. drier; 2. wetter; 3. colder; 4. nicer; 5. warmer; 6. sunnier.
Ex. 1 p. 126
Where are the children?
What are they doing/going to do there?
Whom are they writing to?
1. Ann is in Cardiff. She is having a guided tour. She is writing to Kim.
2. Ann is in London. She is having an excursion to the Natural History Museum. She is writing to her Mum and Dad.
3. Ann and Jane are in Belfast. They are going to celebrate St. Patrick’s Day. They are writing to Alex.
4. Jane is in Edinburgh. She is staying at home because it’s rainy. She is writing to Steve.
Ex. 2 p. 126
A: Hi there! What is your trip to Scotland like?
B: It’s nice. But the weather doesn’t help. It rains often.
A: Have you seen any beautiful castles?
B: Yes, they are exciting.
A: What are you going to do tomorrow?
B: I am going to visit Loch Ness.
Ex. 3 p. 127
A. You can go boating in spring and summer.
B. You can go skiing in winter.
C. You can have a picnic in spring.
D. You can go camping in spring and summer.
E. You can watch the swans in summer.
F. You can go sailing in summer.
G. You can ride a bike in summer.
H. You can go walking in autumn.
Ex. 4 p. 127
1. G; 2. A; 3. F; 4. D; 5. B; 6. E.
Ex. 5 p. 128
1. The, the, — , the, — , — , The.
2. The, the, — , — , — , the, a, a, — .
Ex. 7 p. 128
Jim went to Snowdonia with his parents last summer. He had a great time. He travelled by train and enjoyed beautiful nature. He climbed the mountains.
He also took a lot of photos and painted some pictures.
Ex. 1 p. 129
I was born in Kharkiv on the 24th of June.
My native language is Ukrainian.
I have already visited Poltava and Kyiv.
I would like to visit Lviv and Uzhgorod.
Ex. 3 p. 129
1. The country you were born in is Ukraine.
2. People who live in Ukraine are Ukrainians.
3. Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine.
4. Ukraine is an independent state.
5. Ukraine is a wonderful country with beautiful nature, generous and hard-working people.
6. Ukraine has got rich soils, large forests and beautiful steppes.
7. Kyiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe.
8. The Dnipro is the longest river in Ukraine.
Ex. 4 p. 130
A: There is a nice Puppet Theatre in our town.
B: I’d love to watch a show one day.
A: OK, I’ll ask my sister to buy tickets for Saturday.
B: That’ll be great! Thank you.
A: You are welcome.
Ex. 6p. 130
I live in Kharkiv. It is the eastern part of Ukraine. Our city is famous for beautiful parks. Here we can see a lot of unique flowers. It’s fine to have a rest in the shadow of green trees. We also have so called Eco Park not far from our city. Here children watch some animals and play if they want.
Ex. 3, p. 132
1. They are on Khreshchatyk Street. They see National Flag.
2. Ann told about National Flag. She told what National Flag’s colours mean. Dan told about the Trident and the Ukrainian Anthem.
3. National Flag. It is blue and yellow. The Trident is the National Coat of Arms. And the Ukrainian Anthem is the song by Pavlo Chubynsky and Mykhailo Verbytsky.
4. National Flag is blue and yellow. The blue colour stands for the clear blue sky and the yellow colour stands for the golden wheat field.
Ex. 4 p. 132
1. Every country has its national symbols.
2. There are two colours on the Ukrainian National Flag.
3. The Ukrainian Anthem is the song by P. Chubynsky and M. Verbytsky.
4. The Trident is the Ukrainian National Coat of Arms.
Ex. 5 p. 132
Mr. Brown is from Great Britain. The British Flag is blue, white and red. Mr. Gournic is from the USA. The American Flag includes white stars on the blue field and red and white stripes.
Mrs. Ivanova is from Russia. The Russian Flag is white, blue and red. Mrs. Wilson is from Canada. The Canadian Flag is red and white with a maple leaf.
Ex. 6 p.132
1. What have you already visited?
2. Where has your friend been this year? 3. What did your parents buy yesterday? 4. What do you have?
Ex. 2 p. 133
1 — D, 2 — B, 3 — A, 4 — C
Ex. 3 p. 134
1. Where is Ukraine situated? — Ukraine is situated in the south-eastern part of Europe.
2. What are the most important rivers in Ukraine? — The most important rivers are the Dnipro, the Dniester, the Danube and the Desna.
3. Where are there mountains in Ukraine? — There are the Carpathian Mountains with peak Hoverla (2,061 m high) in the west and there are the Crimean Mountains with the Roman Kosh (1,545 m high) in the south.
4. What are the highest peaks in Ukraine? — The highest peaks are Hoverla in the Carpathians and Roman-Kosh in the Crimean Mountains.
Ex. 4 p. 134
1. b); 2. b); 3. a); 4. a); 5. a).
Ex. 5 p. 134
A: What about travelling to the Carpathians in winter?
B: That’s a good idea! What things do you want to take with you?
A: I usually take my ski suit, special boots and a warm jacket.
Ex. 6, p. 134
Hi! Welcome to Ukraine! The country is washed by the Black Sea and Sea of Azov, with a rich animal life. It also has more than 3 000 lakes. For example the Shatski Lakes, the Lake Svityaz. Ukraine’s longest river is the Dnipro. There are the marvellous Carpathian and Crimean Mountains in Ukraine. The country is famous for its forests with beautiful scenery and plantations of oak, pine and birch. Most forests are in Polissia and the Carpathians.
Ex. 7 p. 134
Last summer I went to Kyiv. I was there with my elder sister. We visited a lot of places of interest, and went sailing along the Dnipro river. We went to the Peizazhna lane. There are a lot of funny things there.
Ex. 1 b) p.135
1. has; 2. Has; 3. have; 4. have; 5. have, have; 6. has.
Ex. 3 p. 135
1. is sitting; 2. found; 3. are; 4. have... been; 5. does ... like; 6. live.
Ex. 6 p. 136
Dear Mr. and Mrs. Tame,
I am writing to thank you for the invitation I got. I would like to come to England and stay with you. Will you tell me about the weather here? Should I take warm clothes with me? I arrive on the 3rd of May at 5 pm. Can you meet me in the airport?
Yours sincerely, Kate Serhienko
P. 137. Extensive Reading Ex. 1, p. 137
1. There are the marvellous Carpathian and Crimean Mountains in Ukraine.
2. Mount Hoverla (2061 m.) is the highest peak of the Carpathian Mountains.
3. Roman-Kosh (1545 m.) is the highest peak of the Crimean Mountains.
Ex. 3 p. 138
1. Ann woke up early in the morning.
2. Ann and her parents went up the mountain.
3. They reached the top of the mountain.
4. Ann looked at her country from the top of Hoverla.
5. The view was wonderful.
Ex. 4 p. 138
People usually wear T-shirts, caps, trousers, shorts and sweaters when they go hiking. People usually take sandwiches, tents, a camera, a book to read, a sweater, walking shoes, an MP3 player, sunglasses, an umbrella, a map, a suitcase when they go hiking.
Ex. 5 p. 138
We are going to walk all the way up the mountain.
Sit down, please.
Write down your homework.
The cat is behind the sofa.
There is a small garden behind our house.
Look around, please.
There are a lot of flowers around the house.
Where are you from?
I am from Poland.
Look at the blackboard, please.
He is at school now.